In this new series, I will be exploring the work of Philip Zimbardo and his Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory.
You may recognise the Zimbardo name from the Stanford Prison Experiment. In 1971, in an experiment structured by Dr Philip Zimbardo, college students were randomly assigned roles as guards or prisoners in a mock prison. The experiment was abandoned after 6 days and attracted controversy.
During the experiment, Zimbardo says that he noticed that the students who were prisoners ceased to have regard to their past or future and in that short time began to focus on their present alone. Although the experiment was prematurely stopped, Zimbardo began to study time perception.
In his work, The Time Paradox, Zimbardo explains that time perspective has cognitive, emotional and social components. The formation of an individual’s perspective is influenced by various factors including: family of origin, cultural and social influences, personal experiences, professional training, etc.
Time perspective is a coherent framework we each use for living. The framework has been shown to impact attention, perception and importantly for mediators decision-making. Whilst this may be a personality preference it can also be influenced by situational forces.
Next week what are the 7 time perspectives?